Problem: Pakistan is put on trial due to political and social unrest.

Even though Imran Khan has been granted bail, Pakistan still prepares for an uncertain future amid unprecedented challenges after the arrest of Imran Khan.

On May 9, the PTI lynchpin was captured by the Public Responsibility Department (Catch) on defilement accusations (in the Al-Qadir Trust case) in the vicinity of the Islamabad High Court. Thousands of people took to the streets due to the accusations of corruption levelled against the prominent political figure.

The public property sustained extensive damage due to the violence, further straining the nation’s limited resources. The rage unleashed by the protesters destroyed government buildings, transportation infrastructure, and public amenities, leaving the nation to bear the heavy financial burden of rebuilding and reconstruction.

A German automobile manufacturer issued the following statement in response to the massive losses it suffered due to protesters lighting their showroom on fire: We are very sorry to inform you of the unfortunate incident in Lahore last night during the riots. Unfortunately, our Audi showroom in Lahore has been severely damaged.

Pakistan dove into a political unrest following Imran Khan's capture

In an unprecedented act of vandalism, the protesters also attacked and damaged the historic Jinnah House, which is the residence of the Lahore Corps commander. They also damaged other military installations.

Following the riots, the military declared May 9, 2023, a “black day” in history.

Concerns about human rights violations: As Pakistan struggles with escalating political turmoil, concerns about human rights violations have emerged. Rights groups like Amnesty International and the HRCP have criticized the government’s decision to ban internet services, the arrest of protesters and members of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), and the announcement of an army trial for those who vandalized properties, all of which have added to the chaos.

These improvements bring up difficult issues about the country’s need to defend basic liberties. Human rights advocates were alarmed by the internet service ban during the unrest. While planned to control distress, this move had huge implications for organizations and people vigorously dependent on internet-based availability.

The closure disturbed correspondence channels, hampered online business exercises and exacerbated the financial aftermath of the political commotion as almost 125 million Pakistanis were impacted.

In addition to restricting citizens’ ability to remain informed and exercise their fundamental rights, disruptions to online communication channels, social media platforms, and information access also limit freedom of expression. Human Rights Watch states, “International human rights law prohibits broad, indiscriminate, and indefinite restrictions on fundamental freedoms, such as the right to free expression and the ability to provide and receive information.”

Additionally, the arrests of PTI leaders Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Shireen Mazari, Asad Umar, and Fawad Chaudhry have raised concerns regarding the arbitrary exercise of power and the infringement on individuals’ rights to peaceful assembly and expression. Amnesty International has expressed concern and demanded that detained individuals receive fair treatment and trial.

“around 7,000 PTI workers, leadership, and our women have been jailed with plans to ban the largest and only federal party in Pakistan,” Imran Khan tweeted.

The announcement that the army will try civilians involved in property vandalism has sparked debate on human rights issues, adding to the concerns. Pundits contend that tactical preliminaries might sabotage non-military personnel authority and fair treatment, possibly prompting basic liberties infringement.

“Attempting regular people in military courts is in opposition to global regulation,” said Dinushika Dissanayake, Agent Provincial Chief for South Asia at Absolution Worldwide.

Pakistan has entered a state of civil unrest and anarchy due to the country’s deeply ingrained polarization and widening trust gap. With divisions saturating key foundations, including the military, legal executive and ideological groups (PDM and PTI), the nation is confronted with mass captures, a breakdown of the rule of law, far-reaching fights and episodes of viciousness.

The polarization has brought about a deficiency of trust among the general population, prompting a breakdown in cultural attachment and sabotaging the underpinnings of majority rule administration. The broke circumstance has left the public authority catching to keep up with control and address the residents’ worries.

Ex-prime minister Imran Khan called for peaceful protests until new elections can be held to restore stability in this highly volatile environment. “Fresh elections are the only means to escape from the political quagmire,” asserts prominent figures like Maleeha Lodi, the former ambassador to the United States and the United Kingdom.

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