Incorporating a life insurance policy into a comprehensive financial strategy can provide a valuable asset. In the event of an unfortunate incident, life insurance offers a death benefit to your designated beneficiaries. Your loved ones can use this financial support to address end-of-life costs, settle outstanding debts, or manage day-to-day living expenses.
Whole life insurance is a viable option when seeking life insurance coverage. This policy type integrates a lifelong range with a cash value component. The cash value accrues at a predetermined rate, providing a clear understanding of the amount of cash value accumulated over a given period.
Is whole life insurance considered a favorable investment?
What Is Whole Life Insurance?
Whole life insurance is a form of permanent life insurance that provides coverage for the entirety of an individual’s life. The policy will remain in force as long as the premiums are consistently paid. The life insurance policy will disburse a death benefit to the designated beneficiary upon your demise.
The premiums associated with whole life insurance policies remain constant throughout the procedure. A portion of each payment is allocated to a cash value account, which accrues interest over time.
The cash value component experiences growth at a guaranteed rate of return while also benefiting from tax deferral. The cash value can be utilized for borrowing purposes or for withdrawing funds. In the event of a decision to terminate a whole life insurance policy, it is possible to obtain the “surrender value.” This value is calculated by subtracting any applicable surrender charge from the cash value.
The prevailing mean dividend interest crediting rate for whole life insurance is 4.65%.
Should You Invest in Whole Life Coverage?
It is generally advised not to consider whole life insurance an investment instrument.
According to Michele Lee Fine, the founder, and CEO of Cornerstone Wealth Advisory in Jericho, New York, investments are typically characterized by a combination of risk and reward. Whole life insurance can be conceptualized as a tax-advantaged and tactically planned distribution of cash flows.
During the initial stages of the policy, a significant portion of the premiums you pay is directed toward financing the death benefit. At the same time, a portion is also allocated for administrative expenses. The remaining amount is deposited into your cash value account.
Over time, an increasing portion of your premium is allocated toward the cash value account. The funds within this account experience consistent growth at a predetermined rate of return. Life insurance companies typically maintain investments in bonds and government-backed mortgages.
Most vendors offering whole life insurance are mutual insurers that distribute dividends. These dividends can be periodically added to your cash value account. Cash value accumulation increases proportionally with the duration of premium payments made towards the policy.
The predictability of cash value growth in whole life insurance is often considered to be less stressful compared to alternative investment options. According to Fine, real life stands out from other asset classes due to its unique feature of offering guaranteed year-over-year growth of cash values, which is tax-free and not subject to market risk or volatility.
However, suppose the primary purpose of obtaining life insurance is to secure a death benefit without additional considerations. In that case, investing in whole life insurance is not advisable due to its lack of cost-effectiveness. Universal life insurance typically offers a death benefit at a reduced expense.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Utilizing Whole Life Insurance as an Investment Option
Whole life insurance presents a range of benefits and drawbacks. Below is a concise overview of the primary advantages and disadvantages.
- Whole life insurance is a type of insurance policy that allows for accumulating cash value on a tax-deferred basis.
- The accumulated cash value can be utilized to make premium payments.
- The option to utilize a policy’s cash value as collateral or make a withdrawal can prove advantageous in situations where alternative financial resources are not readily available.
- Upon your demise, it is essential to note that your designated beneficiaries shall not receive the cash value associated with your policy. The policyholder will receive the face value of the policy, subtracting any withdrawals and outstanding policy loans, irrespective of the accumulated cash value. The cash value is returned to the insurance company.
- Accumulating a substantial cash value typically requires several years of consistent premium payments.
- Whole life insurance policies have the potential to exhibit lower performance relative to the level of returns achievable through alternative investment options.
- Failure to repay a policy loan or withdraw funds will result in a reduction of the death benefit disbursed upon the policyholder’s demise.
Whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages, or vice versa, is contingent upon the specific criteria you seek, as stated by Howard Sharfman, the senior managing director at NFP Insurance Solutions, located in Chicago.
According to Sharfman, if one seeks consistent and predictable long-term returns from a tax-advantaged instrument with a shallow level of risk, whole life insurance can be considered an excellent investment. If the objective is to optimize returns without considering risk, and if there is a limited time frame, this option may not be suitable.
Determining the Inadvisability of Whole Life Insurance as an Investment
Although whole life insurance offers certain advantages, it may not be the most suitable option for individuals who fall into any of the following categories:
- Life insurance is typically necessary for a defined duration. Suppose the sole purpose of obtaining life insurance is to cover a specific period of 10, 20, or 30 years. In that case, opting for whole-life insurance may not be financially prudent, which typically involves higher premium payments. The term life insurance policy is optimal for individuals seeking pure life insurance coverage at a competitive price.
- Based on your risk profile assessment, it has been determined that you possess a high tolerance for investment risks. Individuals typically favor whole life insurance with a low-risk tolerance or those seeking a secure and guaranteed method to accumulate cash value.
- The user desires to have autonomy and authority in managing their investments. Whole life insurance provides a consistent rate of return on the cash value component without offering any investment options. The stock market’s potential gains will not give you any advantages.
- The objective is to achieve a higher rate of return. The returns on interest and dividends obtained from a whole-life policy may significantly fall behind the potential returns achievable through alternative investment options.
Cash value accumulation in whole life insurance policies may require considerable patience, as it typically takes time for the deal to increase. According to Sharfman, individuals looking to achieve returns that outperform the market or have immediate liquidity requirements might find exploring alternative savings and investment alternatives beneficial.
Determining the Viability of Whole Life Insurance
Whole life insurance may be considered appealing if an individual meets the following criteria:
- The objective is to ensure the transfer of funds to designated beneficiaries upon the occurrence of death, regardless of the timing. Whole life insurance assures leaving a death benefit to your loved ones while maintaining a consistent premium amount throughout the policy’s duration.
- The user is seeking a conservative investment option. Whole life insurance provides the potential for consistent returns over an extended period, contingent upon the individual’s willingness to adopt a long-term approach. The cash value experiences gradual growth over time while remaining unaffected by fluctuations in the market.
- It is recommended to contribute the maximum allowable amount to retirement accounts annually. A 401(k) or Individual Retirement Account (IRA) can be included in a comprehensive long-term savings strategy. If an individual can contribute the maximum amount to these plans annually, they may consider obtaining a whole life insurance policy to maximize tax benefits. This is because the cash value of the policy grows in a tax-deferred manner.
- The user desires to have access to cash at a later time. Accumulating cash value within a life insurance policy is prudent if the intention is to utilize said cash value. One potential use of tapping into cash value is to enhance retirement savings or fund educational expenses, such as college tuition for your children.
It is essential to avoid any confusion between cash value and death benefit. The accumulation of cash value within a life insurance policy does not contribute to the growth of wealth for the beneficiaries of the policy. Upon your demise, it is essential to note that the beneficiaries designated to receive your assets will not be entitled to the cash value associated with said assets. The policy’s death benefit is determined by subtracting any previous withdrawals and outstanding policy loans from the face amount.